2017 Villanova Environmental Law Journal Blank Rome LLP Symposium
Implementing the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act
Friday, February 10, 2017
From household cleaning products and cosmetics to hand soap and food, Americans come into contact with thousands of different chemicals every day. For over 40 years, the Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 (TSCA) allowed existing chemicals to remain on the market for use without review of their safety. Recently, Congress passed the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (LCSA), which updates federal regulation of chemicals to modernize TSCA. The LCSA affects chemical manufacturers and processors, as well as downstream businesses that use, import, export, or sell products containing chemicals. The 2017 Villanova Environmental Law Journal Blank Rome LLP Symposium will explore the business, environmental, and legal implications of the new legislation.
The Symposium takes place on Friday, February 10, 2017, from 9:00 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., in the Room 201 of Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law (299 North Spring Mill Road, Villanova). This program is approved by the Pennsylvania Continuing Legal Education Board for 3 substantive CLE credits.
The Villanova Environmental Law Journal’s annual symposium is named for Blank Rome LLP in recognition of its generous support of Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law.
Panels and Speakers
9:10 - 10 a.m. - Opening Remarks
Brian Grant, Assistant General Counsel - Toxic Substances Control Act
10 - 10:55 a.m. - Panel I: Implementation and Impacts
Richard Denison, Lead Senior Scientist, Environmental Defense Fund
Todd G. Kantorczyk, Partner, Manko, Gold, Katcher, & Fox, LLP
P. Leigh Bausinger, Associate, DrinkerBiddle
10:55 - 11:05 a.m. - Break
11:05 a.m. - 12 p.m. - Panel II: Confidential Business Information
Todd G. Kantorcyzk
P. Leigh Bausinger
12:00 - 12:30 p.m. - Closing Remarks
Mr. Grant graduated from Northwestern University in 1984, Phi Beta Kappa, with a BA in political philosophy, and earned a JD from the George Washington University, with honors, in 1987. After spending two years as a litigation attorney at the Washington, DC, law firm of Howrey and Simon, Mr. Grant has spent the remainder of his career in the EPA Office of General Counsel (OGC), as a staff lawyer and, since 1998, as a manager. He has counseled extensively under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act; the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act; the Clean Water Act; and the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Mr. Grant currently serves as the Assistant General Counsel for TSCA and, as such, oversaw the formulation and delivery of OGC’s legal advice related to the development of the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act and oversees the legal aspects of implementation of the new law.
Richard A. Denison is a lead senior scientist at the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) in Washington, D.C. Dr. Denison has over 30 years of experience in the environmental arena, specializing in policy, hazard and risk assessment and management for industrial and consumer chemicals and nanomaterials. He recently served as a member of the National Academy of Sciences’ Standing Committee on Emerging Science for Environmental Health Decisions and its Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Dr. Denison has testified before various Congressional committees on the need for fundamental reform of US policy toward industrial chemicals. He was a member of EDF’s team that worked jointly with the DuPont Corporation to develop a framework governing responsible development, production, use and disposal of nanoscale materials. Dr. Denison received his Ph.D. in molecular biophysics and biochemistry from Yale University.
Todd G. Kantorcyzk
Todd G. Kantorczyk is a partner at Manko Gold Katcher & Fox in Bala Cynwyd, PA. He has extensive experience advising clients on issues related to regulatory compliance, litigation, and transactional matters, particularly in the areas of air, climate change, and energy. Mr. Kantorczyk’s practice has focused increasingly on issues related to natural gas production in the Marcellus Shale Region, including cutting-edge issues affecting the regulation of upstream and midstream natural gas operations under the federal Clean Air Act and state air quality statutes. Mr. Kantorczyk has frequently lectured and written on issues related to natural gas production, climate change and other air related issues for The Legal Intelligencer, the Pennsylvania Bar Institute, the Philadelphia Lawyer, and other publications and organizations. Mr. Kantorczyk received his J.D. from UCLA School of Law and his B.A. from Cornell University.
P. Leigh Bausinger
P. Leigh Bausinger is an associate at Drinker Biddle in Philadelphia, PA. Ms. Bausinger represents industrial, manufacturing, municipal, public utility, and solid waste clients. She has experience with actions under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), the Clean Water Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), Pennsylvania’s Clean Streams Law and Hazardous Sites Cleanup Act (HSCA), New Jersey’s Spill Compensation and Control Act, and Brownfields laws in Pennsylvania and New York. Ms. Bausinger is closely involved with providing regulatory advice at sites undergoing active remediation, including several large CERCLA sediment sites on the East Coast, due diligence for transactions involving complex environmental issues, and common law tort and contract claims. Ms Bausinger received her J.D. from Villanova University School of Law and her B.S. from Tufts University.
1. Toxic Substances Control Act, 15 U.S.C. §2601 et seq. (1976), as amended by P.L. 114-182.
· The Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 provides EPA with authority to require reporting, record-keeping and testing requirements, and restrictions relating to chemical substances and/or mixtures. Certain substances are generally excluded from TSCA, including, among others, food, drugs, cosmetics and pesticides. TSCA addresses the production, importation, use, and disposal of specific chemical including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), asbestos, radon and lead based paint.
2. H.R.2576 - Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, Congress.gov, https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/114/hr2576 (last visited Jan. 4, 2017).
· This bill amends the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) to revise the process and requirements for evaluating and determining whether regulatory control of a chemical is warranted.
3. The Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act - A More Effective Way to Regulate Chemicals in Commerce, American Chemistry Council, https://www.americanchemistry.com/LCSA-Learn-More.pdf (last visited Dec. 27, 2016).
· The LCSA will promote America’s role as the world’s leading innovator; protect Americans’ health and the environment; and support economic growth and manufacturing in the United States.
4. Obama Signs Bipartisan Chemical Safety Bill, USA Today (June 22, 2016, 12:29 PM), http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2016/06/22/obama-signs-bipartisan-chemical-safety-bill/86241008/.
· Industry and government alike are touting the LCSA as a considerable upgrade and positive reform of the old TSCA, which proved to be ineffective.
5. Comparing the 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act to the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, Environmental Defense Fund (June 22, 2016), http://blogs.edf.org/health/files/2016/06/Side-by-side-oldTSCA-newTSCA-FINAL.pdf?_ga=1.232145567.1688683427.1471875645.
· The EDF prepared this table comparing the original Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) of 1976 to H.R. 2576 as passed by the full House on May 24, 2016, and the full Senate on June 7, 2016, and signed into law by the President on June 22, 2016.
6. Nik Schoenherr, The TSCA Modernization Act Passed Congress: Here’s What You Need to Know, Faegre Baker Daniels LLP (June 8, 2016), http://www.faegrebdc.com/the-tsca-modernization-act-passed-the-senate-heres-what-you.
· The LCSA provides clarity to states, courts, and even retailers who, lacking guidance, have taken chemical safety measures on their own over the past several years. Providing objective scientific analysis provides certainty for industry and peace of mind to consumers. The LCSA updates the way in which the EPA regulates both new and existing chemicals and provides guidance for testing, reporting, the state-federal relationship, interpreting scientific results and handling fees.
7. Statement on the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, Physicians for Social Responsibility (July 6, 2016), http://www.psr.org/resources/psr-statement-on-chemical-safety-act.html.
· Although there is a general consensus that the LCSA is a dramatic improvement over the old TSCA, there are some groups that have expressed concern over replacing the current broken regulatory system with legislation that does not put in place a strong, well-funded structure to test chemicals, evaluate the data, and then take action to rid hazardous substances from our lives does not serve the public's health.
8. Richard A. Denison, Reforming the Toxic Substances Control Act, Environmental Defense Fund (Dec. 2015), http://www.rnrf.org/denison.pdf.
· Dr. Denison examines how the Lautenberg Act (S. 697) and the TSCA Modernization Act (H.R. 2576) address the problems in TSCA and concludes that a paradigm shift toward requiring affirmative evidence of a chemical’s safety in order to enter or remain on the market is needed.
9. The Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act: Frequent Questions, EPA, https://www.epa.gov/assessing-and-managing-chemicals-under-tsca/frank-r-lautenberg-chemical-safety-21st-century-act-0.
· The EPA published and answered FAQs regarding the LCSA.
10. Meeting and Webinars on the Amended Toxic Substances Control Act, EPA, https://www.epa.gov/assessing-and-managing-chemicals-under-tsca/meetings-and-webinars-amended-toxic-substances-control.
12. Reforming the Toxic Substances Control Act, U.S. Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, http://www.epw.senate.gov/public/_cache/files/aa2ac4d1-15bb-4e71-9588-909d49bdcff2/tsca-reform-marketing-packet-5.19-final.pdf. (last visited Jan. 4, 2017).
· TSCA Reform is expected to have a significant economic impact, primarily on manufacturers, given that chemical substances are used in 96 percent of all manufactured goods, including millions of consumer products such as automobiles, carpets, furniture and common household cleaners.
· TSCA’s structure also made it difficult for EPA to restrict and ban new chemicals coming onto the marketplace.
· TSCA Reform also encourages increased transparency for chemical information and requires EPA to make its safety review work available to the public and to Congress.
13. TSCA Reform: A Bipartisan Milestone to Protect Our Health from Dangerous Chemicals, EPA Connect, https://blog.epa.gov/blog/2016/06/tsca-reform-a-bipartisan-milestone-to-protect-our-health-from-dangerous-chemicals/ (June 22, 2016).
· Prior to TSCA Reform, EPA had limited authority to take necessary actions to protect the public from toxic chemicals. Because TSCA did not require EPA to review the safety of chemicals already on the market when it was enacted in 1976, there are tens of thousands of chemicals in use today that have never been evaluated for safety.
· TSCA Reform will be funded with user fees from chemical manufacturers and processors and through Congressional budgets.
14. Summary of the Toxic Substances Control Act, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, https://www.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-toxic-substances-control-act (last updated December 14, 2016).
· EPA is expected to enact requirements with respect to the reporting and testing of, and record-keeping for, regulated chemical substances.
15. The Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, https://www.epa.gov/assessing-and-managing-chemicals-under-tsca/frank-r-lautenberg-chemical-safety-21st-century-act (last updated Dec. 15, 2016).
· On June 22, 2016, President Obama signed into law the first major amendment to the TSCA since its enactment forty years ago.
· TSCA Reform received bipartisan support in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
16. Strengthen Chemical Laws, NRDC, https://www.nrdc.org/issues/strengthen-chemical-laws (last visited Jan. 4, 2017).
· Some advocacy groups still do not think the law is strong enough to empower EPA to ban chemicals that are harmful to human health. For example, the NRDC contends that the revisions to TSCA weaken the authority of states, making it harder for them to restrict the use of chemicals.
17. Todd D. Kantorczyk and Zachary J. Koslop, TSCA Amendments Promise New Chemical Regulation in 2017, The Legal Intelligencer, http://www.thelegalintelligencer.com/id=1202772114812/TSCA-Amendments-Promise-New-Chemical-Regulation-in-2017 (Nov. 10, 2016).
18. States Can Regulate Chemicals Under TSCA-Reform Bill, Pat Rizzuto, http://www.bna.com/states-regulate-chemicals-n57982074169/ (June 14, 2016).