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4th Hour

4th Hour Fall 2020 Syllabus  

Intoduction to 4th Hour

Written Assignment:  Write a letter to yourself about what you hope to get out of this year in SSL community.  Make a list of questions you have about your year in SLC that you want to ask facilitators or instructors in 4th hour.


Learning without reflection is a waste, reflection without learning is dangerous.” Confucius

Reading   History of Service Learning


Written Assignment   Make a list of 10 Questions you have after this summer of protest and pandemic, about the world and our relationship to one another.  What tares us apart?  How are we all in this together?   We will use these questions and topics as the basis for discussion later in the semester


·         List 2 things you like to change about our culture, society and what motivated you to want those changes.   It does not have to seem possible.   If  you have had the opportunity to serve think about a  change that would make a difference to the population with whom you served. 

·         List 2 people who created change that you admire and in one sentence what change did they inspire.


Learn from yesterday, Live for today, Hope for tomorrow. The important thing is not to stop questioning.   If I had an hour to solve a problem, I would spend the first 55 minutes determining the proper questions to ask.  Albert Einstein 

Reading: Exploring Dialogue and Debate  University of Michigan IGR program. p. 23-24


Read 3 case studies—From Gorski, Paul and Seema Pothini,  Case Studies on Diversity and Social Justice Education ( New York: Routledge, 2018)

Case 3:4  High Expectations or Unrealistic Goals?  pp.  27-28  (income)

Case 3:5  Technology Progress, Equity regress  pp. 29-30 (income, digital divide)

Case 4:3  A Difference in Perspective   pp. 35-36 (ethnicity)

Case 6:3  Diverse Friends Day  pp.  51-53   (Diversity)

Case 11:3  A Legacy of Privilege on the Soccer Pitch   pp. (diversity)

Case 8.4  Insufficient accommodations  pp. 71-72 (Ability)


Written Assignment:  Choose 3 case studies.   1. Identify the bias or inequities in the case.  

 2. Identify the community members involved directly and indirectly and what  their perspective might be.  3. State an equitable outcome. (what would you do to resolve the inequity)   4. What is long term solution?


Create 5 statements related to the case studies that can be used in Agree/Disagree exercise. Examples of statements in response to case studies.

A class or community activity should be designed so that everyone can participate in the same way.

Solution to problems  that reflect bias can be considered to avoid conflict

If you see something that is not right, not fair, not just, you have a moral obligation to do something about it.  John Lewis

Read The websites of your service site and something about the population you serve.   


Written Assignment:  10 facts about your service site that you think are important.


Students will have time to break up into service groups for presentations on 9/28 or 10/5 depending in which week students have midterms.  Optional 4th hour during midterm week.


Be sure you are in a small group for service site/issue presentations due 9/28 or 10/5

Reading:     Eby, John.  “Why is Service-Learning Bad”


Written Assignment?  In your own words, considering your own experience  with service what is Professor Eby saying in this essay?   Create 5- 10 guidelines for the ethical, respectful, and effective service learning.  Remember to consider our community partners.


Quote: By defining needs as deficiencies, students can separate themselves from the problems they encounter. They fail to see that often the same social structures which work well for them create the needs in the communities in which they do service-learning. John Eby.  “Why Service Learning is Bad.”

Read:   Freire, Paulo.  Pedagogy of the Oppressed.  Chapter- pages 87-92


Written Assignment:  Please think about what Freire means by Dialogue.

What virtues are necessary for dialogue?  What is the relevance of these virtues for you and our community partners?

Complete the “Circle of Power” attached to syllabus. 


“Dialogue cannot exist without a profound love for the world and her people.” Pedagogy of the Oppressed.   Freire, pg. 88

Comparing ZIP codes:  Group presentations comparting zip code of one service site and one member of the small group.

Questions to answer:  Develop some questions of your own in order to help others in your fourth hour understand your service site.  I you have a chance ask questions of  service site liaisons to understand why people are poor and the consequences based on your data?

·         What is the mission of your service site?

·         Who do they serve?  (Demographics)

·         What stereotypes do people have about the people you serve?

·         Why does the organization you are working for exist?

·         Why do they ask for volunteers?

·         What do you do?

·         How do you feel about what you do?

·         What do you think the people you serve need from you?

·         Why there is a need and what would it take for the need to go away?

·         Do you need other information to be conscientious?

·         Compare data, income, schools (ratings, proficiency level, ethnicities, free lunch entitlement, average SAT score, and incidence of violence …., level of education, cost of housing, average income.



Resources for data on Schools


Neighborhood data collected from all over the country, interactive map, stories


Social justice Education resources information and curriculum

Cult of Pedagogy Collection of resources for teaching social justice

Poverty, pronouns, LGBT rights.

Morningside Center for teaching Social Responsibility.


Data On Poverty

Poverty in Philadelphia


Midterm week.  Your 4th hour will choose to take a midterm break hour on 9/28 or 10/5




Listen to  Listen to   Terry Gross interviews Economist Richard Rothstein, research associate at Economic Policy Institute about laws and policies that created segregation and income inequality.  (34 minutes


Written Assignment:  What current social policies, practices, norms, institutions keep us separate and unequal?  How would you enact change?


You will be assigned to small group for student choice 4th hour.

Reading:  Choose 4 topics or read them all.


Exercise:   Spent   You did this exercise in preparation for your interview for SLC.  Try it again.


Written Assignment:  What is Poverty? What is the cause?   What do you see as the theoretical  consequences of poverty or those you see and experience with those you serve?  (simple answer to a VERY complicated question, but we must begin somewhere)


When I give food to the poor, they call me a saint. When I ask why the poor have no food, they call me a communist.” ― Dom Helder Camara

Student choice

Student Choice   or History of the Vote and voting rights




Service Reflection

No reading this week


Written Assignment:  Who do you serve?  How do you feel about the people you serve?   Describe a moment/incident at service that has left an impression on you.

Looking back and looking forward


Written Assignment: Respond to these questions about your first semester in SLC.

1.        Describe what you have learned this semester?  What you have unlearned?

2.       What are the best things you discovered about the community with whom you served?

3.       What questions have you developed because of your service and learning?

4.       What is one thing you would change about fourth hour?

5.       What do you want to learn about next semester?  Topics

6.       Suggestions for community building next semester.


QUOTE:  “Service Learning is an Obligation of Citizenship” Jane Addams