In his seminal work, City of God (De Civitate Dei), St. Augustine articulates a distinctive commitment to intellectual engagement between the Church and the world. He created communities focused on the search for truth in unity and love, while respecting differences and the complexities of Catholic intellectual thought. With the Civitas Dei Medal, Villanova University seeks to recognize Catholics who through their work have made exemplary contributions to the Catholic intellectual tradition and have shown particular commitment to the pursuit of truth, beauty and goodness.
Civitas Dei Medal
Celia Deane-Drummond, PhD, is the director of the Laudato Si’ Research Institute and senior research fellow at Campion Hall, University of Oxford. She is also a visiting professor of theology and science at the Centre for Catholic Studies, Durham University. She was previously a professor of theology and the inaugural director of the Center for Theology, Science and Human Flourishing at the University of Notre Dame.
Deane-Drummond holds two doctorates, one in plant physiology from the University of Reading and one in systematic theology from the Victoria University of Manchester. Her research focuses on the interface between theology—particularly systematic and moral theology informed by contemporary and historical Catholic sources—and science, including ecology, anthropology, evolution, animal studies, psychology and genetics. Issues related to bioethics, environmental ethics, genetics, animal ethics, global development and transhumanism especially interest Deane-Drummond.
Her academic pursuit evolved and converged in the lab. While waiting during experiments on plants, Deane-Drummond reflected on spiritual writing; the more she grew to understand science, the more interesting she found theological concepts. This intersection turned her more fully toward theology. She decided to train to become a deacon in the Anglican Church but then became interested in the Catholic tradition.
Deane-Drummond eventually became a member of the committee of Science and Religion at the Vatican, which culminated in a conference on Darwinism. She has been active in the Catholic Fund for Overseas Development and has been involved in several conferences, including the 2009 UN Summit on Climate Change. From 2011 to 2018 she was chair of the European Forum for the Study of Religion and the Environment, which she helped found in 2006. She currently serves on the editorial board for the Journal of Catholic Social Thought, published by Villanova University.
A prolific author, Deane-Drummond has written, edited and contributed to many publications. Recent titles include Theology and Evolutionary Anthropology: Dialogues in Wisdom, Humility, and Grace (Routledge, 2020); Theological Ethics through a Multispecies Lens: The Evolution of Wisdom, Volume 1 (Oxford University Press, 2019); Theology and Ecology across the Disciplines: On Care for Our Common Home (T & T Clark, 2018); The Evolution of Human Wisdom (Lexington Books, 2017); Religion in the Anthropocene (Wipf & Stock, 2017); Ecology in Jürgen Moltmann’s Theology (Wipf & Stock, 2016); Technofutures, Nature and the Sacred: Transdisciplinary Perspectives (Ashgate, 2015); Christian Faith and the Earth: Current Paths and Emerging Horizons in Ecotheology (Bloomsbury T & T Clark, 2014); and The Wisdom of the Liminal: Evolution and Other Animals in Human Becoming (Eerdmans, 2014).
John W. O’Malley, SJ, PhD, is one of the most important scholars in the field of Church history. A University Professor in the Department of Theology at Georgetown, Father O’Malley has made unique and outstanding contributions to the intellectual life of the Catholic and global scholarly communities. He deserves the Civitas Dei Medal for many reasons, three in particular.
First, O’Malley, who earned his doctorate at Harvard, has committed more than 60 years to groundbreaking scholarship. For example, his 1993 book, The First Jesuits, marked a new beginning in the tradition of studies on the Society of Jesus. It has been translated into 12 languages.
Second, O’Malley rediscovered and gave new light to a theological tradition rooted in the Church councils held between the 16th and 20th centuries. His 2008 book, What Happened at Vatican II, reopened the debate on the Second Vatican Council in an unparalleled way during a difficult time—for both academia and the Church—in the field of conciliar studies. That publication launched a highly successful trilogy for Harvard University Press: Father O’Malley’s book on the Council of Trent followed in 2013 and, in 2018, his volume on Vatican I.
Finally, this Jesuit priest embodies the vocation of a scholar who contributes to academia, the Church and the public square as a teacher, thinker and writer able to crisscross different audiences, fields, times and places. He moves between the Renaissance and late modernity, America and Rome, theology and history, academic scholarship and ecclesial commitment. His focus is always on helping the Church better understand key moments in the Catholic tradition.
For these and other reasons, Father John O’Malley is a fitting recipient of this award. He personifies the ideal citizen in the Augustine masterpiece that lends its name to the medal.
“Mercy is the fulfillment of justice.”
—Cardinal Walter Kasper, Mercy: The Essence of the Gospel and the Key to Christian Life
Cardinal Walter Kasper is a German theologian, bishop and president emeritus of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. Cardinal Kasper has dedicated more than 60 years of ordained ministry to relating the Gospel message to the joys and sufferings of contemporary society. He has advanced the Catholic Church’s ecumenical engagement; fostered its interreligious dialogue; and elucidated theology’s role in helping the faithful to understand the reason for their hope.
After completing his studies, Kasper became a professor of Dogmatic Theology at the University of Münster in 1964 and, in 1970, at Tübingen. As pastoral as he was brilliant, Kasper was ordained a bishop in 1989. For the next decade, he worked in the Diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart to heed the Church’s call for a new evangelization.
Respecting religious pluralism without compromising Catholic doctrine, Kasper strengthened relationships and increased dialogue with Orthodox, Protestant and Jewish leaders, especially during his Vatican years, 1999–2010. As co-chair of the International Commission for Lutheran-Catholic Dialogue, for example, Kasper signed the landmark “Joint Agreement on the Doctrine of Justification” in Augsburg.
Kasper has always embraced Anselm’s quest of “faith seeking understanding.” His more than 950 publications on topics such as the Triune God, human freedom, ecumenism and marriage reveal his theological clarity and commitment to the Church’s flourishing. His many translated books, including Jesus the Christ (1974) and Mercy (2014), have inspired and challenged scholars and other serious readers.
Kasper, who was elevated to cardinal in 2001, has emphasized the Church’s living teaching, whose wellspring is the Gospel. Speaking to the College of Cardinals before the 2014–15 Synod of Bishops on the Family, Kasper drew upon this tradition to suggest how the Church might pastorally approach challenges faced by divorced, civilly remarried persons.
Although he retired from his ecclesiastical offices in 2010, Kasper continues to find ways to proclaim the “unshakable hope of paschal victory.”
Lisa Sowle Cahill, PhD, is the J. Donald Monan, SJ, Professor at Boston College.
Dr. Cahill is a past president of the Catholic Theological Society of American (1992-93) and the Society of Christian Ethics (1997-98), and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Her works include Global Justice, Christology and Christian Ethics (Cambridge University Press, 2013); Theological Bioethics: Justice, Participation, and Change (Georgetown University Press, 2005); Bioethics and the Common Good (Marquette University Press, 2004); Family: A Christian Social Perspective (Fortress, 2000); Sex, Gender, and Christian Ethics (Cambridge University Press, 1996); A Theology and Praxis of Gender Equality (Bangalore: Dharmaram Publications, in press); and Love Your Enemies: Discipleship, Pacifism, and Just War Theory (1994; revised edition to appear in 2018). She is the editor of Genetics, Theology, Ethics: An Interdisciplinary Conversation (Crossroad, 2005); Sexuality and the US Catholic Church: Crisis and Renewal (Herder and Herder, 2006), and other works. Dr. Cahill received her MA and PhD degrees from the University of Chicago Divinity School.
Professor Cahill has written over two hundred articles and book chapters on theological ethics, Christology and ethics, the ethics of sex and gender, bioethics, the ethics of war and peacemaking, the common good and globalization, and Catholic social teaching. She has served on many editorial boards including the Journal of Catholic Social Thought.
She is the recipient of eleven Honorary Degrees. The University of Santa Clara, the Jesuit School of Theology, Berkeley, Catholic Theological Union, Chicago, and LaSalle University are some of the institutions honoring Professor Cahill. She is the recipient of many awards including: Alumna of the Year 1999, University of Chicago Divinity School, Ignatian Award, 2001 and the John Courtney Murray Award of the Catholic Theological Society of American, 2008.
She is a significant and profound contributor to the Catholic intellectual tradition, for which we owe a debt of gratitude.
Gustavo Gutiérrez, OP, is the John Cardinal O'Hara Endowed Professor of Theology at the University of Notre Dame.
Fr. Gutiérrez was born in Lima, Peru in 1928. After studies in medicine and literature in Peru, Gustavo Gutierrez studied psychology and philosophy at Louvain, and eventually took a doctorate at the Institut Catholique in Lyons. He is most well-known for his foundational work in Latin American liberation theology,A Theology of Liberation: History, Politics, Salvation, which centers on the roles of the poor in the task of evangelization and the proclamation of the reign of God.
His other major works - which have been translated from Spanish into multiple languages besides English - touch as well on issues of spirituality and Latin American history, and include, We Drink From Our Own Wells: The Spiritual Journey of A People; On Job: God-Talk and the Suffering of the Innocent; The Truth Shall Make You Free; The God of Life, and Las Casas: In Search of the Poor of Jesus Christ.
His essays have appeared in Theological Studies, La Revista Latinoamericana de Teología, and Páginas. He has also published in and been a member of the board of directors of the international journal, Concilium.
He has been a principal professor at the Pontifical University of Peru, and has been visiting professor at many major universities in North America and Europe. He is a member of the Peruvian Academy of Language, and in 1993 he was awarded the Legion of Honor by the French government for his tireless work for human dignity and life, and against oppression, in Latin America and the Third World.
Perhaps more than any other contemporary theologian, Gustavo Gutiérrez is responsible for articulating the concept of the preferential option for the poor, which has gradually become a central tenant of the Church’s social teaching. He is currently at work on a book exploring the historical background and continuing theological relevance of this foundational principle.
David Hollenbach, SJ, holds the University Chair in Human Rights and International Justice and is Director of the Center for Human Rights and International Justice at Boston College, where he teaches Christian social ethics in the Theology Department. He also teaches often at Hekima College of The Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, and has been visiting professor at the Jesuit Philosophy Institute in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, and the East Asian Pastoral Institute in Manila, Philippines. He serves as a consultant to the Jesuit Refugee Service concerning advocacy on behalf of the human rights of displaced persons. He is on the editorial boards of the Journal of Catholic Social Thought and the Journal of Religious Ethics, Political Theology.
His scholarly career spans more than 50 years of teaching that includes ten books, more than a hundred and thirty articles and chapters in books. His research interests are in the foundations of Christian social ethics, especially human rights in the context of humanitarian crises and the displacement of refugees, theories of justice and the common good, and religion in political life. He is an untiring scholar and advocate for the common good.
Fr. Hollenbach is President-elect of the Catholic Theological Society (CTSA) and will serve as President of CTSA in 2016. Hollenbach served as President of the Society of Christian Ethics (1995-1996) and on the Board of Directors of the Catholic Theological Society (1982-1984). He assisted the National Conference of Catholic Bishops in drafting their 1986 pastoral letter Economic Justice for All: Catholic Social Teaching and the U.S. Economy. In 1979 he received a Walsh-Price Fellowship for travel in Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt to do research on religion and human rights in the Middle East. In 1996, he received a Fulbright Fellowship for research and teaching in Kenya. In June 1998, Hollenbach received the John Courtney Murray Award for outstanding contributions to theology from the Catholic Theological Society of America. In January 2009 he received the Marianist Award, given by the University of Dayton, as well as four honorary Doctorates for his contributions to the Catholic intellectual tradition. He is a scholar and activist for the cause of human rights throughout the world.
Mary Ann Glendon is the Learned Hand Professor of Law at Harvard University and former President of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences. She is a former U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See, and currently serves as Vice-Chair of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom. She writes and teaches in the fields of human rights, comparative law, constitutional law, and political theory.
Glendon is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the International Academy of Comparative Law, and a past president of the UNESCO-sponsored International Association of Legal Science. She served two terms as a member of the U.S. President's Council on Bioethics (2001-2004), and has represented the Holy See at various conferences including the 1995 U.N. World Conference on Women in Beijing, where she headed the Vatican delegation.
Glendon has contributed to legal and social thought in several widely translated works, bringing a comparative approach to a variety of subjects. Among her publications are 16 books and over 140 articles. They include The Forum and the Tower (2011), a series of biographical essays exploring the relation between political philosophy and politics-in-action; Traditions in Turmoil (2006), a collection of essays on law, culture and human rights; A World Made New: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (2001), which the New York Times reviewer said should be the definitive study of the framing of the UDHR; A Nation Under Lawyers (1996), a portrait of turbulence in the legal profession, analyzing the implications of changes in legal culture for a democratic polity that entrusts crucial roles to legally trained men and women;Rights Talk (1991), a critique of the impoverishment of political discourse; The Transformation of Family Law (1989), winner of the legal academy’s highest honor, the Order of the Coif Book Award; Abortion and Divorce in Western Law (1987), winner of the Scribes Book Award for best writing on a legal subject; The New Family and the New Property (1981), and textbooks on comparative legal traditions.
John T. Noonan is a husband and father, scholar, author, teacher, distinguished jurist and faithful son of the Church. Currently, he is Robbins Professor of Law, Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley.
In a scholarly and professional career that now spans 65 years, he has written a number of important studies about the interaction of Catholic moral doctrine and the law. He has authored a series of biographical essays on leading canon lawyers of the twelfth century as well as articles on scholastic philosophy. Many focus on morality and ethics, American and world Catholicism, and the development of moral doctrine. These writings have shaped Catholic debate in the United States for over four decades. Among his most influential works are Contraception: A History of Its Treatment by the Catholic Theologians and Canonists (1968) and A Church That Can And Cannot Change: The Development of Catholic Moral Teaching (2005).
As a Harvard-trained lawyer and a federal judge, Noonan has helped decide a number of important cases, most notably ones addressing the death penalty and assisted suicide. He has also authored a number of books, papers, essays and articles of general interest to the American legal profession. Among the most notable of these works are The Lustre of Our Country: The American Experience of Religious Freedom(1998) and Narrowing the Nation's Power: The Supreme Court Sides with the States(2002).
In addition, he has served the country as a member of the Presidential Commission on Population, National Institutes of Health, National Endowment for the Humanities, Ford and Rockefeller Foundations, as well as the American Law Institute. Likewise, he has served the Church as a consultant to the USCCB committees on moral values, law and public policy, law and life issues, as well as the committee on social development and world peace. He has been awarded eight honorary degrees, University of Notre Dame's Laetare medal in 1984, and the Aquinas medal from the American Catholic Philosophical Association in 1995.
Alasdair MacIntyre is the Rev. John A. O’Brien Senior Research Professor of Philosophy (emeritus) at the University of Notre Dame. In a career spanning six decades, he has published over 30 books and hundreds of articles and reviews. Professor MacIntyre has made significant contributions to the history of philosophy, moral philosophy, political theory, the philosophy of the social sciences, and the philosophy of religion. His early works include Marxism: An Interpretation (1953), The Unconscious: A Conceptual Analysis (1958), A Short History of Ethics (1966), and Against the Self-Images of the Age (1971). The influential sequence of books, After Virtue (1981), Whose Justice? Which Rationality? (1988), Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry (1990), and Dependent Rational Animals (1999) constitute the most important contemporary articulation of Aristotelianism and a sustained critique of modern moral philosophy. More recently, he has published an examination of the philosophical work of Edith Stein set against the background of twentieth century phenomenology, Edith Stein: A Philosophical Prologue, 1913-1922 (2005), two volumes of his collected papers, The Tasks of Philosophy and Ethics and Politics (2006), and God, Philosophy, Universities: A Selective History of the Catholic Philosophical Tradition (2009).
Professor MacIntyre received his BA from Queen Mary College, University of London and MA degrees from Manchester and Oxford. Professor MacIntyre has held academic appointments at Oxford, Princeton, Brandeis, Wellesley, Boston University, Yale, Vanderbilt, and Duke. He has delivered the Gifford Lectures at the University of Edinburgh, the Carus Lectures at the American Philosophical Association, the Caryle Lectures at Oxford University, the Tanner Lectures and Gauss Lectures at Princeton University, and the Aquinas Lecture at Marquette University. Professor MacIntyre is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy, a Member of the Royal Irish Academy, and a Member of the American Philosophical Society. In 2010, he was awarded the Aquinas Medal by the American Catholic Philosophical Association.