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Director Information for Digitized Organizations

The development of modern technological protection systems for digitized copyrighted works through private, voluntary, industry-led entities often takes place within a complex, dynamic organizational environment that also includes formal and informal standard-setting organizations, trade associations, non-profit research organizations, governmental and inter-governmental bodies. The non-exhaustive list of organizations that follows is intended to provide introductory information about the efforts of private companies and organizations to develop technological protection systems through an open, broad-based consensus process, including their interactions with other entities within this network. All descriptions of the organizations and their activities in this section are distilled from information that is made publicly available by the entities.

Private, Voluntary Industry-led Initiatives

4C Companies

  • IBM
  • Inte
  • Matsushita
  • Toshiba

5C Companies

  • Intel
  • Hitachi
  • Matsushita
  • Sony
  • Toshiba

Other Companies

  • Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC)
  • CableLabs
  • Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI)
  • Copy Protection Technical Working Group (CPTWG)
  • Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) Group
  • DVD Copy Control Association (DVD CCA)
  • DVD Forum
  • Internet Streaming Media Alliance (ISMA)
  • Object Management Group (OMG)
  • International Digital Publishing Forum
  • Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) Digital Rights Management
  • Protecting Accumulated Intellectual Data for Accounting in Real-Time (PAIDFAIR)
  • SmartRight Association
  • Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE)
  • Trusted Computing Platform Alliance (TCPA)
  • TV-Anytime Forum
  • VWM Group

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Standard-Setting and Related Organizations

  • The American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
  • European Standards Committee
  • European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)
  • Extensible Rights Markup Language (XrML)
  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
  • International DOI Foundation
  • International Group for E-Commerce Standards for the Books and Serials Sectors (EDItEUR)
  • Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
  • International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
  • National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
  • Online Information Exchange (ONIX)
  • Open Digital Rights Language (ODRL)
  • Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS)
  • Publishing Requirements for Industry Standard Metadata (PRISM)
  • Shared Content Object Reference Model (SCORM)
  • Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI)
  • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
  • World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

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Trade Associations

  • Association of American Publishers (AAP)
  • Business Software Alliance (BSA)
  • International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI)
  • The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA)
  • Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)
  • Software & Information Industry Association (SIIA)

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