NORMAN CIGAR retired from the Marine Corps University, Quantico, Virginia, where, as Professor of Strategic Studies, he had taught military theory, strategy & policy, low intensity conflict, seapower, nuclear warfare, and Middle East regional studies. He is the author of Blurring the Line between Countering Terrorism and Countering Dissent: The Case of Saudi Arabia, published by The Norwegian Centre for Human Rights.
Adnan A. Musallam is Associate Professor (Retired / Active)Bethlehem University in the Holy LandBethlehem, PNA, Palestine.
Hawre Hasan Hama is a lecturer at University of Sulaimani, College of Political Science, and visiting lecturer at Tishk International University, International Relations and Diplomacy department, Sulaimani. Hawre’s articles have appeared in a variety of leading journals, including Ethnopolitics, Middle Eastern Studies, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Journal of Asian and African Studies. He is a Ph.D. student in International Relations at the University of Sulaimani. Email Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Majid Sharifi, Ph.D. is Professor and also the Director of the International Affairs Program at Eastern Washington University. He is the author of the 2013 book Imagining Iran: the Tragedy of Subaltern Nationalism. His latest book, Insecurity Communities of South Asia and the Middle East is being published by Routlege Press.His teaching focuses on US foreign policy, politics of the Middle East, politics of development, and politics of organized violence.