In 1961 the Mutual Educational and Exchange Act, i.e. Fulbright-Hayes Act, established the J-Exchange Visitor visa category.
The US Department of State website states the purpose of the program "is to enhance understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries through educational and cultural exchanges."
The J-1 visa is a non-immigrant visa and, as such, the visa applicant must prove to the visa officer's satisfaction (at the time of the visa interview at the US Consulate) that he or she will return home at the completion of his or her program.
Dr. Craig Wheeland
Vice President for Academic Affairs
Responsible Officer (RO)
Tolentine Hall, Room 103
Ms. Anne Mattia
Alternative Responsible Officer (ARO)
Office of the Vice President for Academic Affairs
International Student Office
Office of Academic Affairs