ETHICS OF War and Peace

March 29-30, 2019

Villanova University

J. Bryan Hehir, S.J.

J. Bryan Hehir is the Parker Gilbert Montgomery Professor of the Practice of Religion and Public Life.  He is also the Secretary of Health and Social Services on the staff of Cardinal Sean O’Malley in the Archdiocese of Boston.  Previously he served on the faculty of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service (1984-92) and on the Harvard Divinity School faculty (1993-2001) including three years as the Chair of the HDS Executive Committee.  In Washington D.C., he served on the staff of the U.S. Catholic Conference of Bishops (1973-92) working on issues of foreign policy and domestic policy, including being the staff director of the Catholic Bishops pastoral letter (“The Challenge of Peace” – 1983).  From 2002-2003 he was President of Catholic Charities USA, the nationwide network of social service agencies for the Catholic church in the United States.  In the Archdiocese of Boston, Fr. Hehir represents Cardinal O’Malley to four social service agencies and also serves as a liaison to Catholic health systems in the Archdiocese.  He was a member of the Vatican Delegation to the United Nations (1973 and 1978).  At HKS he is a Faculty Associate at the Carr Center for Human Rights and at the Safra Center for Ethics and the Professions.  His teaching, research and writing focus on ethics and foreign policy and the role of religion in world politics and in American society. 

Hehir is a recipient of the MacArthur Award, the Laetare Award (University of Notre Dame), the American Academy of Religion’s Martin E. Marty Award for the Public Understanding of Religion, and the Kennedy School’s Carballo Award for excellence in teaching.

He is member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the International Institute for Strategic Studies, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society.  He serves on the Board of the Arms Control Association and the Roundtable for Church Management.

Jessica Wolfendale

Jessica Wolfendale is currently Professor of Philosophy at Marquette University.  Prior to this position, she was Associate Professor of Philosophy at West Virginia University. She received her B.A. from Australian National University and her Ph.D. from Monash University. Her research focuses primarily on the ethics and moral psychology of political violence, including the ethics of torture, terrorism, and war.  Her recent publications include War Crimes: Causes, Excuses, and Blame (2018, with Matthew Talbert, Oxford University Press), Torture and the Military Profession (2007), co-editor of New Wars and New Soldiers: Military Ethics in the Contemporary World (2011). She has published numerous articles and book chapters on topics including security, torture, terrorism, bioethics, and military ethics. Her work has appeared in Ethics and International Affairs, the Journal of Political Philosophy, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, American Journal of Bioethics, and the Journal of Military Ethics. She is currently working on a book looking at the intersection between theoretical arguments for torture and the institutionalization of torture in the real world.

Gerald Schlabach

Gerald W. Schlabach is Professor of Theology at the University of St. Thomas in Minnesota.  He holds a Ph.D. in Theology and Ethics from the University of Notre Dame and an M.A. in Theological Studies from the Associated Mennonite Biblical Seminary.  During much of the 1980s Professor Schlabach worked with Mennonite Central Committee (MCC) in Nicaragua and Honduras on church-related peace and justice assignments. Upon returning to the U.S. he wrote two books based partly on these experiences -- And Who Is My Neighbor?: Poverty, Privilege and the Gospel of Christ (Herald Press, 1990) and To Bless All Peoples: Serving with Abraham and Jesus (Herald Press, 1991). Together with Philip McManus he also edited Relentless Persistence: Nonviolent Action in Latin America (New Society Publishers, 1991), and contributed two chapters to that volume. 

While Professor Schlabach's interests continue to range widely in issues of peacemaking, social justice, globalization, and the integrity of traditional communities, a unifying theme in his work is his concern to link Christian social ethics with ecclesiology and missiology.  His critical appropriation of Augustinian thought is reflected in his book, For the Joy Set Before Us: Augustine and Self-Denying Love (University of Notre Dame Press, 2001), along with articles in Augustinian Studies, the Journal of Religious Ethics, and the Journal of Early Christian Studies.  Other articles speaking to contemporary ethical issues while drawing on ancient monastic and liturgical traditions have appeared in the Journal of Peace and Justice Studies and the American Benedictine Review.  Together with Duane Friesen, he co-edited At Peace and Unafraid: Public Order, Security, and the Wisdom of the Cross (Herald Press, 2006).  He is lead author and editor of Just Policing, Not War: An Alternative Response to World Violence (Liturgical Press, 2007), and co-editor along with Margaret Pfeil of Sharing Peace: Mennonites and Catholics in Conversation (Liturgical Press, 2013). His book A Pilgrim People: Becoming a Catholic Peace Church will be published later this year by Liturgical Press.  

Amy E. Eckert

Amy E. Eckert is a Professor of political science at the Metropolitan State University of Denver. Her interests in teaching and research focus on international relations, particularly international ethics and international law, including the just war tradition. She is the author of Outsourcing War: The Just War Tradition in the Age of Military Privatization (2016), and her work has also appeared in journals such International Studies Quarterly and the Journal of International Political Theory. She co-edits (with Steven C. Roach) a series titled Ethics and the Challenges of Contemporary Warfare, published by SUNY Press. She is currently section leader of the International Studies Association’s International Ethics section. Eckert holds a B.A. from the University of Notre Dame, J.D. from the University of Denver's Sturm College of Law, and a Ph.D. from the University of Denver's Josef Korbel School of International Studies.

Kenneth Himes, OFM

Kenneth Himes is Professor in the Theology Department of Boston College.  He received his B.A. from Siena College and his Ph.D. from Duke University in religion and public policy.  Prior to joining the faculty at Boston College, Himes taught at Washington Theological Union. He has been a visiting professor at the University of Virginia, Howard University Divinity School and St. John’s University (NY) where he held the Paul McKeever Chair. A member of the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans) he has held a number of leadership positions within his religious community.  His research interests are in the history of Catholic social teaching, the role of the U.S. Catholic community in American social reform, the ethics of warfare, and the relationship of religion and politics in the nation’s public life.  His recent publications include Targeted Killing and the Ethics of Drone Warfare (Rowman and Littlefield, 2016), "Humanitarian Intervention and the Just War Tradition" in Laurie Johnston and Tobias Winright, eds. Can War Be Just in the 21st Century? (Orbis Books, 2015), and Christianity and the Political Order: Conflict, Cooptation, and Cooperation (Orbis Books, 2013). 

Himes has served as President of the Catholic Theological Society of America (2000-2001) and is also a member of the Society of Christian Ethics. He was on the editorial board of New Theology Review and was editor of that journal from 1998-2002. He was a fellow of the Center for Theological Inquiry in Princeton, NJ during 1992. For several years he acted as theological consultant for the Office of Social Development and World Peace at the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops.

 

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