Addressing Hunger Through Livelihoods and Food Security
“A way has to be found to enable everyone to benefit from the fruits of the earth, and not simply to close the gap between the affluent and those who must be satisfied with the crumbs falling from the table, but above all to satisfy the demands of justice, fairness and respect for every human being.”
~Pope Francis, Address to the Food and Agricultural Organization, June 20, 2013
What would it take to end world hunger? In the spirit of the 2014 Caritas Internationalis One Human Family, Food for All campaign, the fall 2014 GSN will reflect on this question by drawing on CRS’ deep experience in agriculture, livelihoods, and food assistance, along with the agency’s long history of advocating for the world’s neediest. What are the principles CRS works by related to hunger and how does CRS’ integral human development approach build on a community’s assets and address needs in a holistic way? In a world with limited natural resources, how are environmental and economic sustainability intertwined imperatives in development work today? And, finally, what role do we have in addressing the global hunger problem?
Session 1 – Unpacking Food Security
(September 22-October 3, 2014)
This session will unpack the root causes of hunger in the world’s most vulnerable settings. It will show that the solution to hunger lies not in simply providing more food but in making sure the conditions for producing and accessing nourishing food are just. Readings and case studies from Latin America and Africa will examine the historical, humanitarian, economic, political, and moral dimensions of efforts to promote food security and will bring to light some of CRS’ most innovative strategies. Finally, students will be asked to reflect on local and global food insecurity and to imagine applying methodologies from this session to the communities in which they live and serve.
Session 2 – Climate Change and Food Security in the World’s Most Vulnerable Regions
(November 3-November 14, 2014)
It is projected that, by 2050, the world’s population will grow to 9 billion and agricultural production will need to increase by 70% to sustain the world’s food needs. (Source: FAO, 2009) In the world’s most vulnerable regions, this rising demand for food production will take place in an environment with more severe weather events, more lost production due to climate change, and increased stress on limited natural resources. This session will examine the relationship between food security and global climate change and will introduce students to the techniques and policy activities CRS is undertaking to become more climate-smart. One example is the groundbreaking Africa Climate-Smart Agriculture Alliance, of which CRS is a founding partner, which aims to contribute to the African Union’s goal of helping 25 million farmers become food secure by 2025. Finally, the session will ask participants to reflect on our role in mitigating the impacts of global climate change on food security.