The Nature of the Problem

The Value of ES2

Data centers are a high growth and energy-intensive sector of the U.S. economy:

  • Can consume up to 100 times more energy than a standard office building.
  • Worldwide, use about 30 billion watts of electricity, roughly equivalent to the output of 30 nuclear power plants.
  • Responsible for 2.8% of total U.S. energy consumption.
  • CO2 emission by data centers worldwide was 80 million tons in 2007 and is projected to increase to 340 million tons in 2020, which will exceed emissions from the airline industry.

The average data center:

  • May dissipate as much as 3-6 MW of power in the form of waste heat
  • Uses only 5% of the electricity powering its servers to perform computations:
Average Data Center
  • Typically operates with low server utilization
  • Uses water chillers to supply cold air, which is difficult to control in real time
  • Commonly uses overprovisioning to handle sudden load surges

How Much Energy Does The Internet Use?

Sponsored by Emerson.

Center for Energy-Smart Electronic Systems

ES2 at a Glance
Faculty Researchers:  5
Post-Doctoral Researchers:  2
PhD students: 3
MS students: 2
Undergraduates: 3
Total active grant funding: $223,000
Number of current research projects: 3

Contact

Director: Dr. Amy Fleischer, Professor and Chair, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Director of the NovaTherm Laboratory

Dr. Amy Fleisher, ES2 Director
Email: amy.fleischer@villanova.edu 
Phone: (610) 519-4996

Associate Director
Dr. Aaron Wemhoff, ES2 Associate Director
Email: aaron.wemhoff@villanova.edu 
Phone: (610) 519-8045



Contact Us
Dr. Alfonso Ortega, ES2 Director
Phone: (610) 519-7440
Email: Alfonso.Ortega@Villanova.edu

National ES2 Site

Learn more about the NSF I/UCRC program

ES2 Information Packet [link to download]

Contact Us
Dr. Alfonso Ortega, ES2 Director
Phone: (610) 519-7440
Email: Alfonso.Ortega@Villanova.edu

National ES2 Site

Learn more about the NSF I/UCRC program

ES2 Information Packet [link to download]

September 6, 2017: We are seeking a new PhD student starting January 2018