Scholarly journals are also called academic, peer-reviewed, or refereed journals. They differ from popular magazines and trade journals/magazines in a number of ways. A primary difference between scholarly journals and other types of journals and magazines is that articles in these journals undergo a "peer review" process before they are published. What does this mean?
• Peer review is the process by which an author's peers -- recognized researchers in the field -- read and evaluate a paper (article) submitted for publication and recommend whether the paper should be published, revised, or rejected.
• Peer review is a widely accepted indicator of quality scholarship in a discipline or field. Articles accepted for publication through a peer review process meet the discipline's expected standards of expertise.
• Peer-reviewed journals only publish articles that have passed through this review process.