Villanova University Internal Accessibility Guidelines

A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided (e.g., via "alt", "longdesc", or in element content).

All components within AEM that contain the image upload utility will have an  input field to enter that images “alt” and “title” html tags.

Equivalent alternatives for any multimedia presentation shall be synchronized with the presentation.

Villanova utilizes YouTube, which provides the end user with the option to “turn on” captions via the YouTube media player.

Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also available without color, for example from content or markup.

Villanova’s CSS is designed for certain media types such as “print” and “screen”. This will allow any content or markup to print in black and white or be made accessible on a black and white monitor.

All of Villanova’s stylesheets are “external” stylesheets, in which the style properties are being included onto the page via a separate stylesheet.

Redundant text links shall be provided for each active region of a server-side image map.

All components within AEM that contain the image upload utility will have access to add an image map to that particular image. This utility contains an input field to allow the user to enter alternative text for the image. All image maps are client-side within AEM. No server-side image maps are being used within the site.

Client-side image maps shall be provided instead of server-side image maps except where the regions cannot be defined with an available geometric shape.

No server-side image maps are being used on the site. Only client-side image maps are being used.

Row and column headers shall be identified for data tables.

The AEM table component identifies header for columns and rows via the <th> tag.

Markup shall be used to associate data cells and header cells for data tables that have two or more logical levels of row or column headers.

Appropriate <tr> and <td> tags are being used within the AEM table component. No <pre> tags are being used to display this data.

Code for the global navigation is at the bottom of the .html page.

Having the global navigation at the bottom allows the reader to be taken directly to the content first, without having to hear/read the entire global navigation.

Villanova minimizes the use of plugins such as Flash.

By its very nature, Flash content does not lend itself to screen reader accessibility as it is time-based and often changes over time. A screen reader user cannot "scan" through Flash content and can only access it in a linear manner. We have eliminated and advised against the use of Flash on our website pages.

Minimal use of animated Gifs and no scripts are used that would cause the screen to flicker.

As rapidly flashing content (content which flashes three times a second or more) may trigger epileptic seizures in individuals with photosensitive epilepsy, our developers avoid programming flashing elements on the screen.

Proper form labels are inserted on all entry fields on forms.

Video Resources

Experiences of Students with Disabilities

The students in the following video share some of their experiences with the web and accessibility.

Keeping Web Accessibility In Mind

Gain an appreciation of web accessibility by understanding the user perspective with this overview of the difficulties users with disabilities face on the web and some of the motivations for web accessibility.